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Patna

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Rishikesh

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Varanasi

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History of Patna

Introduction: The appellation Patna is etymologically derived from Patan, the name of the Hindu goddess Patan Devi. Another theory says the name comes from Pattan, or a port in Sanskrit since the city, located near the confluence of four rivers, has been a thriving river port. Yet another theory suggests that the name Patna may be a short form of Patliputra, one of the most popular ancient names of this city.

 

History: Legend ascribes the origin of Patna to a mythological King Putraka who created Patna by magic for his queen Patali, literally Trumpet flower, which gives it its ancient name Pataligrama. It is said that in honor of the first born to the queen, the city was named Pataliputra. Gram is the Sanskrit for village and Putra means son. The Mughal period was a period of unremarkable provincial administration from Delhi. The most remarkable period during these times was under Sher Shah Suri who revived Patna in the middle of the 16th century. He visualized a fort and a town on the banks of Ganga.

 

Patna played a major role in the Indian independence struggle. Most notable are the Champaran movement against the Indigo plantation and the 1942 Quit India Movement. Patna's contribution in the freedom struggle has been immense with outstanding national leaders like Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, the first President of the Constituent Assembly of India Dr. Sachidanand Sinha, Basawon Singh (Sinha), Bihar Bibhuti,Anugrah Narayan Sinha , Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan, Sri Krishna Sinha , Sheel Bhadra Yajee, Sarangdhar Sinha(Singh) , Yogendra Shukla, and many others who worked for India's freedom relentlessly. Description: Patna's most significant monument is the Gol-Ghar which is a huge grain storage and was built in 1786 by John Garstin at the behest of the then administrator, Warren Hastings, in the hope of avoiding the repetition of the terrible famine in 1770 .March of the every year is very special to Patna due to the Patliputra Mahotsava which makes Patna very live and people enjoys a lot. Parades, sports, dancing, music programmers are arranged at this time.

 

Patna Geography and Climate
Patna is located on the south bank of the Ganges River, called Ganga locally. It has a very long river line, and is surrounded on three sides by rivers, the Ganga, Sone, and Poonpun (also spelt Punpun). Just to the north of Patna across the river Ganga flows the river Gandak making it a unique place having four largish rivers in its vicinity. It is the largest river in city in the world. A historical city on the banks of Ganges was nomenclated by princess Sarika, daughter of king Patliputra. Patna, as most of Bihar, has a subtropical climate with hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and a mild winter from November to February. The table below details historical monthly averages for climate variables. Highest ever recorded is 47°C, lowest ever is 0°C and annual rainfall is 1000mm.

 

Best time to visit Patna
Patna is hot and humid in summer and cold in winters. Temperature varies from a maximum of 43°C in summer to a minimum of around 5°C in the winters. Relative humidity can go up to 100% during summer. It receives medium to heavy rainfall in the monsoon.

 

Patna Orientation
The city stretches along the southern banks of the Ganges for about 15 kms. The main train station, airport and hotels are in the wester half of Patna, known as Bankipur, while most of the historic sites are in the older Chowk area to the east. The hub of the west Patna is at Gandhi Maidan, where Ashok Raj Path, the main market area, starts. Despite Fraser, Exhibition and Boring Roads being officially renamed Muzharul Haque Path, Braj Kishore Path and Jal Prakash Road, respectively; everyone still uses the old names.

 

How to reach Patna by Road
The excellent road network links Patna with other major tourist places of Bihar. Touristplacesinindia can arrange for you all types of land transport for your comfortable journey in Patna and throughout the Indian state of Bihar.

 

How to reach Patna by Rail
Patna Junction is 4 km from the city centre. Patna is conveniently linked to all the major cities of India through trains. It takes 15 hours at an average to reach Delhi from here by train. Patna is also situated on the main line of the Eastern Railway making it a major railway junction. The other cities, which are connected to Patna by rail, are Calcutta, Chennai, Varanasi, Amritsar, Mumbai and Lucknow.

 

How to reach Patna by Air
The Loknayak Jaiprakash International Airport, Patna is 10 km from the city centre. Patna is well connected to Delhi, Calcutta, Varanasi, Ranchi and Lucknow by regular flights. There are also some flights connecting Patna to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal

 

Sightseeing Highlights
Gandhi Maidan is the heart of this city today. About 6 kms from the Maidan at Kumrahar you can explore the ancient ruins of Pataliputra. Of the 80 pillars (Fa Hien, in 5th century AD, found the pillars shining bright as glass) excavated at the site, only one remains. Gandhi Bridge (5850m long) over Ganga River is supposed to be the longest single river bridge in the world.

Patna Museum has more than 50,000 rare art objects, including the Holy Relic Casket with the sacred ashes of the Buddha. British Gold Ghar granary is a relic from the colonial days. Patna Sahib, the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, draws thousands of devotees each day.

The Buddhist and Jain pilgrim centres at Vaishali (55 km), Rajgir or Rajgriha (102 km), Nalanda (90 km), Bodhgaya (125 km), Sonepur (25 km), Sasaram (148 km), Gaya (112 km) and Pawapuri are important sites on the Buddhism circuit.

Activities:
You can go on excursions to the various religious and historical places in and around Patna. Do not miss a boat ride on the mighty Ganga. When in Patna, try food typical to the region like pua-pittha, tilkut, chiwra, makhana, the famed sattu or the farmer's staple, litti chokha, and the famous paan. Located at the confluence of four rivers the Ganga, Sone, Gandakand and Poonpun, Patna has a history that goes back three millennia. With a land as fertile as the Gangetic basin, it is not surprising that the region is so heavily populated. This city has been home to two great religions, Buddhism and Jainism, and myriad dynasties from ancient to modern times. This now bustling urban metropolis was once the centre of ancient culture and learning, Pataliputra, and home to the great Gupta and Maurya empires. There several interesting sightseeing spots amidst the confusion and chaos of the city and a visit to the banks of the Ganga is also a pleasant experience.




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